Collection Online

Ruins of the once glorious temple of the Jupiter of Heliopolis, Syria

gelatin silver photograph
28.2 × 38.0 cm (image)
typed and printed in ink on accompanying paper label: RUINS OF THE ONCE GLORIOUS TEMPLE / OF THE JUPITER OF HELIOPOLIS. / Baalbek is referred to in ancient Assyrian and Egyptian / inscriptions as Balbiki, indicating it as a centre of / Baal worship, and the Greeks, identifying Baal with their / Sun-God, Helios, named the place Heliopolis. When the / Romans came into possession they accepted Helios as / Jupiter, and so the great Temple, of which the ruins are / shown above, was dedicated to Jupiter of Heliopolis, whose / worship spread into Italy itself. Antonius Pius (A.D. / 138-161) was the imperial initiator of these temples, the / broken stones from which can still awaken our wonder. / SYRIA.
Accession Number
Australian Photography
Credit Line
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
Purchased from Admission Funds, 1987
Gallery location
Not on display