Collection Online
Samuel Manasseh Ben Israel
13.3 × 10.6 cm (image) 14.9 × 10.7 cm (plate) 15.6 × 11.4 cm (sheet)
Catalogue/s Raisonné
Bartsch 269; Hind 146 ii/iii; White & Boon 269 iii/iii
3rd of 3 states
Accession Number
International Prints / International Prints and Drawings
Credit Line
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
Everard Studley Miller Bequest, 1959
This digital record has been made available on NGV Collection Online through the generous support of the Joe White Bequest
Gallery location
Not on display
Subjects (general)
Costume Portraits
Subjects (specific)
authors cloaks collars (neckwear) facial hairstyles half figures hats men (male humans) rabbis


Watermark Form
Arms of Amsterdam
The Arms of Amsterdam motif was a popular watermark in the Netherlands and closely resembles the city's coat of arms today. The three Saint Andrew's crosses represent Amsterdam, and the two rampant lions represent the Netherlands. It is likely this paper was manufactured in France for the Dutch market, as many papers of this time were imported to the Netherlands from nearby countries.
Watermark and variant description
Arms of Amsterdam - variant D.c. Shield with three vertical fields, three St Andrew's crosses vertically in the central one. The shield supported by two lions rampant and surmounted by a crown with no decorations on the outside of the crown. The bottom of the shield level with lions' feet. The lions are not standing on a platform.
Closely related watermark references
Churchill 56 (1768), 69 (ND) Heawood 400 (The Hague (city in Netherlands), 1724 or after, endpapers); Tromonin 865 (1721, Stamped paper); Likhachev (1710, stamped papers, St Petersburg).
Chain Line Interval
24-25 mm
Laid Line Frequency
10 per cm
Placement and spacing of wires
? x 12|25|13 x 12
Wire Side
Radiograph taken from