Collection Online
The pancake woman
10.0 × 7.6 cm (image) 10.8 × 7.7 cm (plate) 11.2 × 8.1 cm (sheet)
Catalogue/s Raisonné
Bartsch 124; Hind ii/vi; White & Boon 124 ii/iii; NHD 144 ii/vii
2nd of 7 states
printed in ink l.c.: Rembrandt. f 1635
Accession Number
International Prints / International Prints and Drawings
Credit Line
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
Felton Bequest, 1933
This digital record has been made available on NGV Collection Online through the generous support of the Joe White Bequest
Gallery location
Not on display


Watermark Form
Seven provinces
The Seven provinces watermark depicts a rampant lion that represents the German dynasty, House of Nassau. The lion holds a sword in one paw and seven arrows in the other, and the arrows represent the Seven United Provinces or the Dutch Republic. This paper, like many of the period, would likely have been made in South-West France for the Dutch market. The watermark motif became common during the mid 17th century and in time developed changes, depicting a spear instead of a sword and the text 'Vryheit' below. The watermark further evolved to depict the figure of Hollandia with the text 'Pro Patria', from which it became known as the Pro Patria watermark, used by Holland papermakers throughout the 18th century, while also imported for use in England.
Watermark and variant description
Seven provinces - variant C.a.b. Lion rampant, one forepaw holding a sabre, the other seven arrows, without initials below.
Closely related watermark references
Voorn 87-89 (1693-95), 97 (1726).
Chain Line Interval
24 mm
Laid Line Frequency
Placement and spacing of wires
92 x 2 [22|24|22-23] x 2
Wire Side
Radiograph taken from