Collection Online
Student at a Table by Candle Light
Catalogue/s Raisonné
Accession Number
International Prints / International Prints and Drawings
Credit Line
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
Felton Bequest, 1933
This digital record has been made available on NGV Collection Online through the generous support of the Joe White Bequest
Gallery location
Not on display


Watermark Form
Arms of Amsterdam
The Arms of Amsterdam motif was a popular watermark in the Netherlands and closely resembles the city's coat of arms today. The three Saint Andrew's crosses represent Amsterdam, and the two rampant lions represent the Netherlands. It is likely this paper was manufactured in France for the Dutch market, as many papers of this time were imported to the Netherlands from nearby countries.
Watermark and variant description
Arms of Amsterdam - variant A.f. Shield with three vertical fields, three St Andrew's crosses vertically in the central one. The shield supported by two lions rampant and surmounted by a crown decorated with feathers. The bottom of the shield is level with the lions' feet. The lions are not standing on a platform.
Closely related watermark references
Churchill 32 (1693), 36 ( 1705), 28 (1691) manuscript papers; Heawood 356 (legal document dated 1703 from Andover), 358 (from a plate in the thesaurus dated 1695 from London) ; Voorn 47 (1683), 55 (1705) ; Wibiral 10.
Chain Line Interval
23 mm
Laid Line Frequency
10 per cm
Placement and spacing of wires
95 x ? [4|23|23|23|11] x 12
Wire Side
Radiograph taken from