In this activity explore the creative process and work of contemporary artist Julian Opie. They will analyse how Opie uses a graphic visual language to represent the essential features of individuals. Students will develop and apply graphic elements to create and refine their own portraits. They will then reflect on and evaluate their work.
- Identify and describe how Julian Opie utilises line, colour and shape, to express ideas and communicate concepts
- Utilise art/design elements and principles to develop, enhance and resolve a concept for a portraits that captures the essential features of different individuals
- Develop and refine visual language to communicate ideas and construct meaningful messages
- Evaluate their own creative process and decision making, and reflect with a partner on how effectively their ideas or feelings have been expressed in their own artwork.
Julian Opie is one of Britain’s leading contemporary artists and has been making portraits since the 1990s. He is a painter, sculptor and digital artist, creating both still images and animations.
When Opie started drawing portraits, he used to look at himself in the mirror, close one eye and carefully trace his reflection using a felt-tip pen. Opie noticed that the traced lines on the mirror created a portrait which felt more real than the usual way of drawing. He liked the idea that he could use basic visual elements to create a portrait of an individual person. Circles become symbols for eyes and heads, and oblong shapes replace shoulders and hair. His work reveals how we can recognise faces even in their simplest form.
Using photographs as his starting point, Opie uses digital programs to trace thick outlines over the figures and fills in the sections of blank space with flat colour. His Walking in the rain series features people captured mid-stride. He provides a snapshot of his subject’s personality through their fashion choices, accessories, phone, or drink in hand.
For more on Julian Opie you might like to watch this video or read an essay from NGV Magazine
Use the following discussion prompts to explore Julian Opie’s work with your class:
- Compare the artworks to photographs of an individuals or crowds of people walking. How are the scenes similar? How are they different?
- Compare the artworks to other graphic images representing people such as symbols, hieroglyphs, icons or emojis. In what way are they similar? How are they different?
- Do these works remind you of other imagery you have seen? If so, which attributes are familiar? How do the associations affect the way which you interpret the works?
- Chose a figure from one of Julian Opie’s works which interests you. What personality or interests do you think they have? What makes you say that? How has Opie emphasised their individuality?
- Describe the lines, shapes and colours in the work. What decisions do you think Opie made when working with these elements? Why do you think the he chose these colours, shapes and details?
- Why do you think Julian Opie chose to represent people and crowds like this? How does it influence the way we engage with the subject matter? What meanings and ideas do you think he is he aiming to communicate?
- What techniques and materials did Opie use to create this work? Why do you think he chose those techniques and materials? How does his choice of materials and techniques affect the look of the final artwork?
Resources & materials
- Full body images of people from magazines, newspapers, digital or printed photographs
- Black markers with varied nib sizes, bevelled and round tips to allow for variety
- OHP film acetate A4 x 5 sheets
- Coloured Posca markers or acrylic paint
- Double sided tape
Students design and create graphic portraits of people inspired by Julian Opie using the following steps:
Planning and idea development
- Choose a location or theme for your portraits. For example, an airport, beach goers, or busy commuters.
- Source photographs of people, images from magazines, newspapers, or on digital devices to include in your chosen scene.
Aim to put together a group of 3 or more images of people to work with. It works best if they are all either in profile or face on.
- Look closely at your selected images and identify the key features of each of the individuals.
The components should create interest and communicate the individual’s look and identity, such as their head, hair, upper body, lower body, clothing, accessories.
- Decide which features should be represented in your portraits and which can be omitted.
Include those which best convey each character’s individuality.
- Place an acetate sheet over your selected images.
- Test out each of the black permanent markers for suitability by drawing outlines of the key features.
- Decide which line type suits your desired aesthetic style, paying close attention to joins and corners.
Create a draft of your artwork to develop your technique:
- Overlay a new acetate sheet
- Outline the key components you have decided to capture. Start with the large more dominant features and work down to the finer details.
- Consider the aesthetic style of your final artwork including line thickness, inclusions, eliminations, corners and edges (angled or curved), and what features each figure has in common.
- Reflect on your draft so far: Have you captured each individual’s personality, and overall style? What could you add, eliminate, or refine?
- Place a fresh sheet of acetate over your draft image.
- Refine your drawing and apply revisions; identify geometric shapes and aim to make them uniform for consistency.
- Once you have completed the outline, use Posca markers or acrylic paint to create detail with colours.
Consider your colour palette, and what mood your colour combinations create. You can draw inspiration from the reference images. Include those that best convey your character’s personality and the situation they are in.
- Allow the paint to dry and scratch back any paint that may have bled out of the lines.
Your final artwork will be presented on the opposite side of the acetate so that the outlines are appear clearly in front of the coloured paint or marker.
- Using a new sheet of acetate repeat with the additional images to create a set of three icons.
- Flip the acetate over and layer the set of icons to create a scene or situation.
This can be done as an individual or you can come together as a class and create a larger populated image. Consider perspective and scale when placing the individual images.
- Use double sided tape fasten the layers in place.
- Scan each image into the computer and use a drawing app such as Adobe Illustrator to create vector drawings of the Images.
Present & reflect
Students show their individual work to a partner or work as a whole class:
- What features did you consider important when creating your graphic portraits
- What were some of the aesthetic decisions you made through the planning and creation of your artwork? Would you do anything differently next time?
- How did you take inspiration from Julian Opie’s work when creating your graphic portraits?
- How do your group of images work together as a composition? Do they share an overall style, tell a story or evoke a mood?
- What do you hope people think or feel when they look at your final artwork?