Publication details for Art Bulletin of Victoria 44

© Copyright in each article is retained by the contributor, 2004.

This publication is copyright and all rights are reserved. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced or communicated to the public by any process without prior written permission. Enquiries should be directed to the publisher.

This issue has been refereed in part. 

Published by the Council of Trustees of the National Gallery of Victoria

180 St Kilda Road

Melbourne, Vic. 3004


ISSN 0066 7935


Published with the assistance of the NGV Foundation

Commissioning editor: Isobel Crombie

Editing: Dianne Waite

Design: Cameron Midson

Publications Officer: Judy Shelverton

Photography: NGV Photographic Services (unless otherwise stated)

Every effort has been made to contact persons owning copyright in the works of art illustrated in this publication. In cases where this has not been possible owners are invited to notify the Publications Department of the National Gallery of Victoria.


The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the NGV or the publisher.

Note to reader

Throughout its life the NGV’s scholarly journal has been published under various names as quarterly and annual editions: Quarterly Bulletin of the National Gallery of Victoria, 1945–58; Annual Bulletin of the National Gallery of Victoria, 1959–67; Art Bulletin of Victoria, 1967–2002; Art Bulletin of the National Gallery of Victoria, 2002–10.

In 2013, we have begun the process of republishing back issues of Art Journal as electronic editions with the aim of providing long-term access to quality scholarship about the NGV collection.

We would welcome your feedback and comments about this project: [email protected]


The electronic publication of the Art Journal of the National Gallery of Victoria is being made possible due to the generous ongoing support of The Vizard Foundation.